Gerhard Rühm, born on 12 February 1930 in Vienna, is an Austrian writer, composer and visual artist. Rühm studied piano and composition at the Vienna University of Music and Performing Arts. In the 1950s he started composing sound poems, visual poetry, photo montages and book objects. He was co-founder of the Vienna Group and from 1972 till 1996 he was professor at the Hamburg Hochschule for Performing Arts. His audio productions are outstanding examples of the new audio play and of the acoustic arts and have won numerous prizes. Since 1978, Rühm has been a member of the Free Academy of Arts, Hamburg.